Welcome to the JIVAN JYOT Blood Bank Donor Center
» Please have a good meal at least 3 hours before donating blood.
» Please accept the snacks offered to you after the donation, it is vital you have them. You are recommended to have a good meal later.
» Please avoid smoking on the day before donating. You can smoke 3 hours after donation.
» You will not be eligible to donate blood if you have consumed alcohol
You should not
be suffering from any of the following diseases or taking medicines for them
Hepatitis B, C
Diabetes (are you under medication
Fits/ Convulsions (are you under
Leprosy or any other infectious
Any allergies (Only if you are
suffering from severe symptoms)
Hemophilia/ Bleeding problems
Any other type of Jaundice (within
Tuberculosis (within 2 years)
Chicken Pox (within 1 year)
Malaria (within 1 year)
Organ Transplant (within one year)
Blood Transfusion (within the last
Pregnancy (within the last 6
Blood Donation (within the last 3
Major Surgery (within the last 3
Small Pox Vaccination (within the
Hemoglobin deficiency / Anemia
Drastic weight loss (recently)
Common questions about blood donation
Every day people like you need blood: students, teachers, parents, brothers and friends!
When blood is needed, blood must be there. About five percent of the general population
gives blood on a regular basis.
Q: Who might use blood?
A: Everybody. In fact, it’s estimated that six out of every 10 people will need blood or
blood components during their lives.
Q: Is it safe? Does it hurt?
A: Donating blood is safe. All materials are used once, and then discarded. Donors
cannot contract AIDS or any other infectious disease by donating blood. Most people
feel fine after they give. The actual needle stick (venipuncture) hurts no more than a
Q: How much can I give?
A: Every donor is evaluated individually with safety in mind! When you donate whole
blood, one pink is collected. Depending on your height, sec and weight, you can give up
to 2 pints in an automated blood collection. For example, one donor may be able to
donate two units of Red Blood Cells, another may donate on unite of Platelets and one
unit of Plasma.
Q: How long will it take?
A: The entire donation process will take anywhere from 45 minutes to 2 ½ hours
depending on which component(s) you donate. The time includes the interview process
before and refreshments after the donation.
Major Blood Components
• Red Blood Cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body. They are used to treat
patients who have anemia or who have lost blood due to injury or surgery.
• Platelets are critical in the clotting process and help control bleeding. Platelets are
commonly used to treat patients with leukemia or cancer who are undergoing
chemotherapy and bone marrow transplants.
• Plasma is the liquid portion of the blood. It contains clotting factors used to
support hemophilia patients. Plasma also has vital proteins used to treat burn
patients and critically ill patients who have suffered significant blood loss.
• There are several types of White Blood Cells. Granulocytes and macrophages
protect against infection by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria and
viruses. Lymphocytes aid in the immune defense.
Whole Blood Donation
Blood will be drawn from a vein in the arm and collected in a bag specially designed to
store blood. Typically, each donated unit is separated into multiple components, such as
Red Blood Cells, Plasma, Platelets and Cryoprecipitate.
Whole blood donation is one of several ways to donate blood. Automated blood
collection equipment has introduced a special way to donate the exact components that
patients need and allow more of a specific component to be collected than could be
separated from a unit of whole blood.
Automated Blood Collection Methods
Blood will be drawn from a vein in the arm and passed through an aphaeresis instrument
that centrifuges and separates the blood into its components. While the blood is being
drawn, a small amount of anticoagulant (citrate) is added to the blood to prevent clotting
during the procedure. After the targeted component(s) is/are collected, the remainder of
the blood will be returned to the donor. If donating 2-unit Red Blood Cells, the donor
will receive saline solution to assist in compensation for fluid lost. The body naturally
replaces the components that are donated: plasma within several hours, platelets within
24 hours and red cells in about 56 days (112 for 2-unit Red Blood Cell donation).
Some potential side effects
There are rarely any serious complications to the donor. However, as in any medical
procedure, there are certain risks involved.
The risks common to both whole blood and automated blood collection include nausea,
vomiting, fainting, dizziness, bruising or redness in the area of the venipuncture and iron
deficiency. More serious reactions may include seizures and, rarely, nerve injury in the
area of the venipuncture.
In addition to these risks, automated blood collections may have other complications
including shortness of breath, chest pain, decreased blood pressures, fatigue, decreased
exercise tolerance for 3-5 days, allergic reactions, hemolysis and air embolism. Also, the
long-term effect of the removal of lymphocytes is not clear. Side effects due to the
anticoagulant include numbness and tingling sensations, muscle cramping and chilliness.
If you have any questions, please contact your local blood center.