Whole Blood Donor Information

 

Welcome to the JIVAN JYOT Blood Bank Donor Center

 

Tips


Please have a good meal at least 3 hours before donating blood.


Please accept the snacks offered to you after the donation, it is vital you have them. You are recommended to have a good meal later.


Please avoid smoking on the day before donating. You can smoke 3 hours after donation.


You will not be eligible to donate blood if you have consumed alcohol

You should not be suffering from any of the following diseases or taking medicines for them
 

  • Hepatitis B, C
     

  • AIDS
     

  • Diabetes (are you under medication currently?)
     

  • Fits/ Convulsions (are you under medication currently?)
     

  • Cancer
     

  • Leprosy or any other infectious diseases
     

  • Any allergies (Only if you are suffering from severe symptoms)
     

  • Hemophilia/ Bleeding problems
     

  • Kidney disease
     

  • Heart disease
     

  • Hormonal disorders
     

  • Any other type of Jaundice (within 5 years)
     

  • Tuberculosis (within 2 years)
     

  • Chicken Pox (within 1 year)
     

  • Malaria (within 1 year)
     

  • Organ Transplant (within one year)
     

  • Blood Transfusion (within the last 6 months)
     

  • Pregnancy (within the last 6 months)
     

  • Blood Donation (within the last 3 months)
    )

  • Major Surgery (within the last 3 months)
     

  • Small Pox Vaccination (within the last 3weeks)
     

  • Hemoglobin deficiency / Anemia (recently)
     

  • Drastic weight loss (recently)

  •  


    Common questions about blood donation
    Every day people like you need blood: students, teachers, parents, brothers and friends!
    When blood is needed, blood must be there. About five percent of the general population
    gives blood on a regular basis.
    Q: Who might use blood?
    A: Everybody. In fact, it’s estimated that six out of every 10 people will need blood or
    blood components during their lives.
    Q: Is it safe? Does it hurt?
    A: Donating blood is safe. All materials are used once, and then discarded. Donors
    cannot contract AIDS or any other infectious disease by donating blood. Most people
    feel fine after they give. The actual needle stick (venipuncture) hurts no more than a
    pinch.
    Q: How much can I give?
    A: Every donor is evaluated individually with safety in mind! When you donate whole
    blood, one pink is collected. Depending on your height, sec and weight, you can give up
    to 2 pints in an automated blood collection. For example, one donor may be able to
    donate two units of Red Blood Cells, another may donate on unite of Platelets and one
    unit of Plasma.
    Q: How long will it take?
    A: The entire donation process will take anywhere from 45 minutes to 2 hours
    depending on which component(s) you donate. The time includes the interview process
    before and refreshments after the donation.
    Major Blood Components
    • Red Blood Cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body. They are used to treat
    patients who have anemia or who have lost blood due to injury or surgery.
    • Platelets are critical in the clotting process and help control bleeding. Platelets are
    commonly used to treat patients with leukemia or cancer who are undergoing
    chemotherapy and bone marrow transplants.
    • Plasma is the liquid portion of the blood. It contains clotting factors used to
    support hemophilia patients. Plasma also has vital proteins used to treat burn
    patients and critically ill patients who have suffered significant blood loss.
    • There are several types of White Blood Cells. Granulocytes and macrophages
    protect against infection by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria and
    viruses. Lymphocytes aid in the immune defense.
    Whole Blood Donation
    Blood will be drawn from a vein in the arm and collected in a bag specially designed to
    store blood. Typically, each donated unit is separated into multiple components, such as
    Red Blood Cells, Plasma, Platelets and Cryoprecipitate.
    Whole blood donation is one of several ways to donate blood. Automated blood
    collection equipment has introduced a special way to donate the exact components that
    patients need and allow more of a specific component to be collected than could be
    separated from a unit of whole blood.
    Automated Blood Collection Methods
    Blood will be drawn from a vein in the arm and passed through an aphaeresis instrument
    that centrifuges and separates the blood into its components. While the blood is being
    drawn, a small amount of anticoagulant (citrate) is added to the blood to prevent clotting
    during the procedure. After the targeted component(s) is/are collected, the remainder of
    the blood will be returned to the donor. If donating 2-unit Red Blood Cells, the donor
    will receive saline solution to assist in compensation for fluid lost. The body naturally
    replaces the components that are donated: plasma within several hours, platelets within
    24 hours and red cells in about 56 days (112 for 2-unit Red Blood Cell donation).
    Some potential side effects
    There are rarely any serious complications to the donor. However, as in any medical
    procedure, there are certain risks involved.
    The risks common to both whole blood and automated blood collection include nausea,
    vomiting, fainting, dizziness, bruising or redness in the area of the venipuncture and iron
    deficiency. More serious reactions may include seizures and, rarely, nerve injury in the
    area of the venipuncture.
    In addition to these risks, automated blood collections may have other complications
    including shortness of breath, chest pain, decreased blood pressures, fatigue, decreased
    exercise tolerance for 3-5 days, allergic reactions, hemolysis and air embolism. Also, the
    long-term effect of the removal of lymphocytes is not clear. Side effects due to the
    anticoagulant include numbness and tingling sensations, muscle cramping and chilliness.
    If you have any questions, please contact your local blood center.